GWE Forum Library


Online Forum


  • GWE Forum Webinar 4: “The future promise of global weather information” by Dr Florence Rabier (22 February 2021) | Summary
  • GWE Forum Webinar 3: “A collaborative future of the weather enterprise, a private sector perspective” by Mr Peter Platzer (16 February 2021) | Summary
  • GWE Forum Webinar 2: “Unlocking the benefits of open weather data” by Professor Gerhard Adrian (28 October 2020) | Summary
  • GWE Forum Webinar 1: “A vision for Numerical Weather Prediction” by Professor Tim Palmer (30 June 2020) | Summary

The WeatherPod Podcast

Co-hosted by Alan Thorpe and David Rogers. Find the list of episodes here.


Technical Notes

Creating Value in the Global Weather Enterprise
World Bank, June 2021, GFDRR Technical Note series

Public and Private Engagement in Hydromet Services: From Rivalry to Coproduction in Meteorological and Hydrological Service Delivery 
World Bank, April 2021, GFDRR Technical Note series

Open Data: A Path to Climate Resilience and Economic Development in South Asia?
World Bank, March 2021, GFDRR Technical Note series

Innovation in Public and Private Weather Services 
World Bank, February 2021, GFDRR Technical Note series

The Level Playing Field: Business of Weather, Water, and Climate Services
World Bank, January 2021, GFDRR Technical Note series

Mind the Gap: Addressing Critical Technical Issues in Strengthening National Hydrometeorological Services
World Bank, July 2020, GFDRR Technical Note series

Learning from Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems to Respond to Pandemics
World Bank, June 2020, GFDRR Technical Note series

World Bank Reports and Working Papers

The Value of Surface-based Meteorological Observation Data (World Bank; 2021)
In view of the growing climate- and weather-related challenges facing humanity and recognizing that climate services similarly rely on meteorological monitoring, surface-based observations should be treated as a critical public good, with public oversight and open exchange within the meteorological and climatological communities.

The Power of Partnerships (World Bank; 2020)
The study looks at the current landscape of public-private engagement and analyzes the hydromet value chain in six countries, and provides guidance to regulators, hydromet service providers, and private actors as well as development practitioners to achieve successful public-private-academic engagements. (find it also at the World Bank archive here.)

Road Mapping and Capacity Development Planning for National Meteorological and Hydrological Services : A Guidebook (World Bank; 2020)
This guidebook provides a structured basis to approach the task of transforming and developing capacities of national meteorological and hydrological services in the WB client countries, aiming to help the World Bank task teams and development partners working with national governments to strengthen NMHSs’ capabilities in producing and delivering services required by the governments, stakeholders, partners, and users.

Weathering the Change : How to Improve Hydromet Services in Developing Countries (World Bank; 2019)
This report examines the current state of the GWE, takes an in-depth look at the status and need for modernizing National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs), and provides detailed recommendations.

Unbreakable: Building the Resilience of the Poor in the Face of Natural Disasters (World Bank; 2017)
This report moves beyond asset and production losses and shifts its attention to how natural disasters affect people’s well-being. Understanding the disproportionate vulnerability of poor people also makes the case for setting new intervention priorities to lessen the impact of natural disasters on the world’s poor…

Valuing weather and climate: economic assessment of meteorological and hydrological services (World Bank; 2015)
Weather, climate and hydrological services have increased the safety and efficiency of land, sea and air transport, helped communities prepare for and respond to extreme weather events, and facilitated improved decision-making in weather-sensitive economic sectors. This publication introduces methods for cost/benefit assessment and analyses of hydromet services.

Weather and climate resilience: effective preparedness through national meteorological and hydrological services (World Bank; 2013)
The report underscores the urgent need to strengthen the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs), especially those in developing countries, and provides cost-benefit estimates of the return that countries can hope to achieve. It also offers a recommended approach that has been tested and implemented in Europe, in Central and South Asia, and countries in other regions.

Country Road Maps

  • Strengthening hydromet and early warning services in Belarus
  • Strengthening hydromet and early warning systems and services in Georgia
  • Modernizing Weather, climate and hydrological services: a road map for Armenia


WMO Geneva Declaration – 2019: Building Community for Weather, Climate and Water Actions (as adopted at the 18th World Meteorological Congress, Geneva, 2019)

Launch of the WMO Open Consultative Platform (OCP)
Report of High-Level Round Table on Public-Private Engagement, 5-6 June 2019, Geneva, Switzerland



Industrial Predictions: the public and private meteorological sectors
Cover Story of the latest issue of the Meteorological Technology International, May 2020

The Future of the Global Weather Enterprise: Opportunities and Risks
BAMS, 2018, Alan Thorpe and David Rogers

The Weather Business
by Allianz Risk Transfer, 2013


GWE FORUM meeting at the 100th Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, 15 January 2019, Boston, USA (Follow up and next steps)
– GWEF Vision and Goals 2018-2028

GWE FORUM-5, 25 March 2019, Singapore
Available meeting documents include:
Subtask4.2_progressreportV2GWEF5_ TKimura and DIvanov
GWE FORUM-5_WP_1_Agenda_v01

GWE FORUM-4, 10 January 2019, Phoenix/Arizona, USA
Chaired by Mr. Michael Staudinger, Director General of Austria’s Central Institution for Meteorology and Geodynamics (ZAMG).

GWE FORUM-3, 12-13 October 2018, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Chaired by Mr Patrick Benichou, President of MFI.

Global Weather Enterprise Conference, 11-12 October 2018, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
DATA – Business Models and Policies Shaping the Future of the Global Weather Enterprise

GWE FORUM-2, 9 July 2018
Chaired by Professor David Parsons, University of Oklahoma (Notes and recommendations from the videoconference).

GWE FORUM-1, 9 April 2018, Singapore
Welcomed by Ms Chin-ling Wong, Director of the Meteorological Service of Singapore.

Report on the Global Weather Enterprise Seminar, 28 November 2017, Washington DC, USA